Do you sound smarter when you use big words?
According to a study published in Applied Cognitive Psychology, the answer is no.
In fact, complex writing makes you sound small-minded. Just consider the title of the study: Consequences of erudite vernacular utilized irrespective of necessity: problems with using long words needlessly.
Wouldn’t it be better to title this study something like The effect of using big words when you don’t need them?
To sound smart, you must stop trying to sound smart. Brilliant writing is simple writing, a relevant idea delivered clearly and directly.
Here are 11 ways you can start sounding brilliant:
1. Have something to say
This makes writing easier and faster. When you have nothing to say, you are forced to write sentences that sound meaningful but deliver nothing.
Read widely. Take notes. Choose your subjects wisely. Then share your information with readers.
2. Be specific
Consider two sentences:
- I grow lots of flowers in my back yard.
- I grow 34 varieties of flowers in my back yard, including pink coneflowers, purple asters, yellow daylilies, Shasta daisies, and climbing clematis.
Which is more interesting? Which helps you see my back yard?
3. Choose simple words
Write use instead of utilize, near instead of close proximity, help instead of facilitate, for instead of in the amount of, start instead of commence.
Use longer words only if your meaning is so specific no other words will do.
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4. Write short sentences
You should keep sentences short for the same reason you keep paragraphs short: they’re easier to read and understand.
Each sentence should have one simple thought. More than that creates complexity and invites confusion.
5. Use the active voice
In English, readers prefer the SVO sentence sequence: Subject, Verb, Object. This is the active voice.
Passive sentences bore people.
When you reverse the active sequence, you have the OVS or passive sequence: Object, Verb, Subject.
People are bored by passive sentences.
You can’t always use the active voice, but most writers should use it more often.
6. Keep paragraphs short
Look at any newspaper and notice the short paragraphs.
That’s done to make reading easier, because our brains take in information better when it’s broken into small chunks.
In academic writing, each paragraph develops one idea and often includes many sentences. But in casual, everyday writing, the style is less formal and paragraphs may be as short as a single sentence or even a single word.
7. Eliminate fluff words
Qualifying words, such as very, little, and rather, add nothing to your meaning and suck the life out of your sentences.
It is very important to basically avoid fluff words because they are rather empty and sometimes a little distracting.
Mark Twain suggested that you should “Substitute damn every time you’re inclined to write very; your editor will delete it and the writing will be just as it should be.”
8. Don’t ramble
Rambling is a big problem for many writers. Not as big as some other problems, such as affordable health insurance or the Middle East, which has been a problem for many decades because of disputes over territory. Speaking of which, the word “territory” has an interesting word origin from terra, meaning earth.
But the point is, don’t ramble.
9. Don’t be redundant or repeat yourself
Also, don’t keep writing the same thing over and over and over. In other words, say something once rather than several times. Because when you repeat yourself or keep writing the same thing, your readers go to sleep.
10. Don’t over write
This is a symptom of having too little to say or too much ego.
Put your reader first. Put yourself in the background. Focus on the message.
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11. Edit ruthlessly
Shorten, delete, and rewrite anything that does not add to the meaning. It’s okay to write in a casual style, but don’t inject extra words without good reason.
To make this easier, break your writing into three steps:
- Write the entire text.
- Set your text aside for a few hours or days.
- Return to your text fresh and edit.
None of us can ever be perfect writers, and no one expects us to be. However, we can all improve our style and sound smarter by following these tips and writing naturally.
40 quick writing tips to help you start today
Looking for more quick writing tips? These 40 pointers will help you organize and express your thoughts.
- Stop overthinking.
- Jot down one idea at a time.
- Write a little bit every day.
- Read something interesting if you’re feeling stuck.
- Make notes in your phone.
- Keep a pen and pad of paper with you when you’re away from your computer.
- Transfer your notes to your computer regularly.
- Pause conversations to capture interesting anecdotes.
- Add interesting anecdotes to conversations.
- Monitor how people react.
- Research fascinating topics.
- Brainstorm the best way to approach a topic.
- Look for fresh angles.
- Listen to a podcast related to your topic.
- Watch a video related to your topic.
- Discover the time of day when you’re most creative.
- Schedule time to write at your desk.
- Clean your desk.
- Know your audience.
- Practice choosing the right words.
- Outline your main points.
- Experiment with how you structure your writing.
- Draft many headlines.
- Craft intriguing subheadlines.
- Use effective bullet points.
- Study other authors.
- Create a messy draft.
- Take a break before you edit.
- Refine your messy draft.
- Edit with your ideal reader in mind.
- Choose simple language.
- Clarify any confusing phrases.
- Keep your explanations concise.
- Go into more detail only when it’s necessary.
- Entertain your reader.
- Share an unpopular opinion.
- Inspire new ideas.
- Transform written articles into other forms of content.
- Prompt your reader to take notes on your content.
- Motivate your reader to share your content.
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Because when you get the exact right information, you can immediately begin to up your game as a content writer. And that’s what’s going to get you the results you want.
The written word drives the web. It always has, and it always will.
Even if you’re working with audio or video, the right words are still what make the difference.
- Words drive engagement.
- Words drive customer experience.
- Words drive sales, growth, and profit.
And if you want to master the art of using words to drive business results, you’ve come to the perfect place — Copyblogger has helped accelerate the careers of writers just like you since 2006.